Courses

MUS 001 Basic Musical Concepts (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Fundamentals of music, including notation, rhythm, major and minor scales, intervals, tonality, triads. Includes ear training, sight singing, and elementary analysis. Designed for students who need basic musical literacy. Open to nonmajors and those with no previous musical background.

MUS 002 Introduction to Western Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. A survey of the major styles and genres of Western music. Emphasis on creative and analytical listening without the use of musical notation. Designed for the general student with an interest in music and cultural practice. No previous musical background required.

MUS 003 Introduction to Opera (4) Seminar, 3 hours; assigned listening, 3 hours. Explores social, political, gender-related, and moral issues represented in 10 major operas between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. Introduces dramatic and musical structures of opera, value of performance, and operatic conventions shared by composers, singers, and audience.

MUS 005 Women in Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. A survey course designed primarily for nonmajors. Examines representative works by women composers from antiquity to the present.

MUS 006 Introduction to World Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. A survey of people, identity, and music making. Includes listening to music from many cultural contexts. Also covers a variety of scholarly topics in world music. Cross-listed with ANTH 006.

MUS 007 Music in Movies and TV (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. An exploration of popular film and TV soundtrack music, emphasizing drama and musical style. Scene study features such films as The Matrix, Casablanca, The X-Files, and Altered States. Cross-listed with MCS 009.

MUS 008 Popular Music Cultures of the United States (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. Explores the so-called popular musics and music cultures of the United States and the social history of these cultures to provide students with a sonic understanding of these extremely fractured, ever reconstituted “United States.”

MUS 009 Introduction to Digital Music (4) Lecture, 2 hours; workshop, 2 hours. Teaches basic theory and practical skills for understanding digital audio, recording, editing, and processing sound. Students work with audio and MIDI sequencers with the goal of writing musical compositions with computer notation programs.

MUS 010 Advanced Fundamentals (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 001 or a passing score on an equivalent examination or consent of instructor. A study of advanced musical fundamentals.

MUS 011 Interactive Digital Music and Multimedia Performance (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 4 hours. An introduction to interactive digital music and multimedia performance. Includes development of individual and collaborative performance projects using sound, video, dance, and interactive technology. Requires a laptop and a license of the software Max/Msp/Jitter. No previous knowledge of music or technology required. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units.

MUS 013 Popular Music Analysis: Text and Context (4) Colloquium, 2 hours; seminar, 1 hour; workshop, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. A textual and critical analysis of mass-mediated popular music. Explores theories of popular culture and traditional approaches from Western music theory as applied to the study
of creation, interpretation, and reception of popular music.

MUS 014 Popular Musics of the World (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. Introduction to issues surrounding popular and urban musics of the world, focusing on three major geocultural areas: Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Emphasizes the relationship between mass-mediated music and issues of cultural hegemony, resistance, and subversion. Analyzes the cultural impact of media technology on music performance and reception. Cross-listed with ETST 014 and URST 014.

MUS 015 Latin American Folk and Popular Styles (4) Lecture, 2 hours; discussion, 1 hour; assigned listening, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): none. Introduction to the vast array of folk and popular styles of music in Latin America, with an emphasis on cultural and ethnic interaction and exchange in the context of Latin American history, politics, and society. Cross-listed with LNST 015.

MUS 016 Latin American Classical Heritage (4) Lecture, 2 hours; discussion, 1 hour; assigned listening, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): none. Survey of the rich heritage of Latin American classical music from Renaissance sacred polyphony to contemporary styles. Emphasis on the gradual emergence of Latin American music from European domination and the establishment of distinctive national traditions in the post-colonial era. Cross-listed with LNST 016.

MUS 017 Music of Mexico (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour; assigned listening, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): musical training and knowledge of Spanish is useful, but not required. Covers music from 1521 to the present day. Explores the rich musical tradition of Mexico, as well as the relationship between its art and popular music. Cross-listed with LNST 017.

MUS 018 Music of Spain (4) Lecture, 3 hours; term paper, 1 hour; extra reading, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): none. A survey of Spanish music from the Middle Ages to the present. Covers regional folklore and popular styles (especially flamenco) as well as developments in classical music through the major style periods. Examines music in its historical and cultural context. Knowledge of Spanish and music not required.

MUS 020 Music of Scotland (4) Seminar, 3 hours; term paper, 1 hour; assigned listening, 2 hours. Examines the rich heritage of Scottish music from the Middle Ages to the modern day, including folk, popular, and classical traditions. Emphasis is on the music of the Scottish highlands and the bagpipe. Explores the role of music during war and peace within the context of Scottish history.

MUS 030A Harmony (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 010 or a passing score on an equivalent examination or consent of instructor; concurrent enrollment in MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C or MUS 131A or MUS 131B or MUS 131C. The study of harmony through melodic and rhythmic practices.

MUS 030B Harmony (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A or consent of instructor; concurrent enrollment in MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C or MUS 131A or MUS 131B or MUS 131C. Diatonic and chromatic harmony of the common practice period.

MUS 030C Harmony (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030B or consent of instructor; concurrent enrollment in MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C or MUS 131A or MUS 131B or MUS 131C. Diatonic and chromatic harmony of the common practice period.

MUS 031A Musicianship I (2) Studio, 2 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 001 or MUS 010 or a passing score on an equivalent examination or consent of instructor. Covers melodic reading, rhythmic reading, and ear training. Includes basic keyboard harmony.

MUS 031B Musicianship I (2) Studio, 2 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 031A or consent of instructor. Covers melodic reading, rhythmic reading, and ear training. Includes basic keyboard harmony.

MUS 031C Musicianship I (2) Studio, 2 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 031B or consent of instructor. Covers melodic reading, rhythmic reading, and ear training. Includes basic keyboard harmony.

MUS 073A Dance of Mexico (2) Studio, 3 hours; extra reading, 1 hour; screening, 1 hour; individual studio, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): none. Covers the traditional dances of Mexico at the beginning level. Includes attendance at dance concerts outside of class. Recommended for both nondancers and dancers. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable. Cross-listed with LNST 073A.

MUS 073B Dance of Mexico (2) Studio, 3 hours; extra reading, 1 hour; screening, 1 hour; individual studio, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): LNST 073A/MUS 073A is recommended. Covers the traditional dances of Mexico at the beginning level. Includes attendance at dance concerts outside of class. Recommended for both nondancers and dancers. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable. Cross-listed with LNST 073B.

MUS 080 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Voice, Keyboard, and Strings (1) Studio, .5 hours; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of a half-hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Voice; F. Classical Piano; G. Jazz Piano; I. Harpsichord; J. Carillon; K. Jazz Guitar; L. Electronic Bass Guitar; M. Lute; N. Classical Guitar; O. Viola da gamba; P. Piano Proficiency; Q. Organ; R. Violin; S. Viola; T. Violoncello; U. Double Bass Viol; V. Harp. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 081 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion, and Other Instruments (1) Studio, .5 hours; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of a half-hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Trumpet; F. Trombone; G. Tuba; I. French Horn; J. Flute; K. Oboe; L. Clarinet; M. Bassoon; N. Saxophone; O. Recorder; P. Percussion; Q. Rondalla instruments; R. Bagpipe; S. Scottish Drums; T. Tabla. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 112A History of Western Music: Middle Ages to 1700 (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. An intensive survey of music history and literature from the Middle Ages to 1700. Involves score reading, listening, and analysis of pieces with emphasis on historical characteristics.

MUS 112B History of Western Music: 1700-1900 (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. An intensive survey of music history and literature from the 1700 to 1900. Involves score reading, listening, and analysis of pieces with emphasis on historical characteristics.

MUS 112C History of Western Music: Twentieth Century (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. An intensive survey of music history and literature from 1900 to the present. Involves score reading, listening, and analysis of pieces with emphasis on historical characteristics.

MUS 113 Brazilian Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 2 hours; assigned listening, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Introduces the music of Brazil, focusing on the history and the current variety of musical languages, styles, and forms of the present. Analyzes the crucial question of national identity in Brazilian culture and society through the study of its music.

MUS 114 Opera (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study of selected operas from the Western repertory for 1600 to the present.

MUS 115 Renaissance and Baroque Music of Latin Europe and Latin America (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 112A, MUS 112B, MUS 112C; or upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Study of the sacred and secular musics of Italy, France, the Iberian Peninsula, and Latin America, 1450-1750. Emphasis is on the repertoires, styles, and genres that are relevant to understanding the musical past of the Americas, from (Alta) California to South America.

MUS 116 Music of J. S. Bach (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper- division standing or consent of instructor. Critical and analytical exploration of selected works by J. S. Bach. Usually devoted to specific genres within his output viewed in their musical and cultural context.

MUS 117 Music and Ritual (4) Lecture, 3 hours; written work, 1 hour; fieldwork, 20 hours per quarter. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines music cross-culturally in a ritual context. Incorporates readings from ethnomusicology, anthropology, folklore, and performance studies. Addresses how music operates within specific ritual events and how it relates to cosmology. Also examines the role of music in achieving altered states (dreams, meditation, trance, and possession), as well as helping to constitute gendered authority.

MUS 118 Music, Politics, and Social Movements (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 2 hours; assigned listening, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines the role of music in social and political movements. Emphasis is on understanding the textual and musical features of politically engaged music within its historical, social, and cultural context.

MUS 119 Javanese Music and Culture (4) Lecture, 3 hours; term paper, 1 hour; online discussion and listening, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines Javanese traditional and contemporary music. Focuses on the music of the Javanese gamelan and its relation to larger cosmological themes. Other topics include rural versus court traditions, popular music, mass media, piracy, Hindu roots, modernity, and local practices versus global trends.

MUS 120 Contemporary Native American Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 2 hours; listening to prepared audio examples of music, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Explores the music of Native American peoples today, the contexts and behaviors with which such music is associated, and the ways these elements are discussed within Native communities. Emphasis is on “Pan Indian” music, including music for pow wows and syncretic religious music, and Native popular music, including folk, country, rock, and hip-hop.

MUS 122 Music and Performance in the Andes (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 2 hours; assigned listening, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Introduction to the musical practices of the central Andean countries, including indigenous, mestizo, Creole, and Afro-Andean traditions. Music is presented as part of a broader realm of performance in the Andes, incorporating dance, ritual, drama, and popular culture, and its relationship with notions of identity, nationalism, modernity, folklore, and politics.

MUS 123 Southeast Asian Performance (4) Lecture, 3 hours; screening, 2 hours; extra reading, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Introduction to the roles and genres of expressive culture in Southeast Asia, including dance, music, theater, film, and digital culture. Performance is discussed both as a time-honored and as a contemporary medium for cultural production, from the courts to everyday experience. Material will be drawn from the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Burma, Singapore, and the Southeast Asian diaspora. Cross- listed with ANTH 126, AST 123, and DNCE 123.

MUS 124 Music of Asian America (4) Lecture, 3 hours; music listening, 1 hour; individual study, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Explores music as a window on the cultural politics of Asian America. Examines expressive culture as a constitutive site for ethnic identities and emergent political formations. Covers musics of Asian immigrants and of subsequent generations, including Asian American jazz and hip-hop. Cross-listed with AST 124.

MUS 125 Music of Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading and listening to prepared tapes of music, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A survey of different musical traditions from Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, with an emphasis on popular music. Examines the impact of intercultural contact on the musical styles of these regions. A background in Western music is not required.

MUS 126 Gender, Sexuality, and Music in Cross- Cultural Perspectives (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. An overview of gendered performance genres from a number
of cultures. Seeks to familiarize the student with gender-specific music and notions of gender that are often constructed, maintained, transmitted, and transformed through music and performance. Designed for students interested in music, anthropology, and gender studies. Cross-listed with ANTH 177 and WMST 126.

MUS 127 Music Cultures of Southeast Asia (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A survey of music, dance, theatre, and ritual in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Designed for the student interested in the performing arts and cultures of mainland and insular Southeast Asia. No Western music background is required. Cross-listed with ANTH 176, AST 127, DNCE 127, and ETST 172.

MUS 128 Performing Arts of Asia (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A survey of music, dance, theatre, and ritual in four major geocultural regions of Asia: Central, East, South, and Southeast. No Western music training is required. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 8 units. Cross-listed with ANTH 128, AST 128, DNCE 128, and THEA 176.

MUS 130A Counterpoint (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 138; concurrent enrollment in MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C or MUS 131A or MUS 131B or MUS 131C. Study of contrapuntal techniques. Analysis of models centering on the sixteenth century, with exercises to develop manipulative skills in modal counterpoint.

MUS 130B Counterpoint (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): concurrent enrollment in MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C or MUS 131A or MUS 131B or MUS 131C; MUS 130A. Study of contrapuntal techniques. Analysis of models centering on the eighteenth century, with exercises to develop manipulative skills in tonal counterpoint.

MUS 131A Musicianship II (1) Laboratory, 2 hours; individual study, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 031C. Sight-singing and ear-training laboratory including keyboard harmony.

MUS 131B Musicianship II (1) Laboratory, 2 hours; individual study, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 131A. Sight-singing and ear-training laboratory including keyboard harmony.

MUS 131C Musicianship II (1) Laboratory, 2 hours; individual study, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 131B. Sight-singing and ear-training laboratory including keyboard harmony.

MUS 133 Instrumentation (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. Investigation of the technical and color possibilities of various instruments, with scoring projects.

MUS 134 Orchestration (4) Lecture, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 133 or consent of instructor. Advanced scoring projects with emphasis on stylistic aspects and relationship of orchestral color to form.

MUS 136 Jazz Theory (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading and listening to music tapes, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A; MUS 031A or MUS 031B or MUS 031C; or consent of instructor. Examines concepts and practices in harmony, melody, rhythm, and form as they relate to jazz and other popular idioms. Provides basic ear training for the recognition of changes in traditional jazz tunes, primary blues forms, modulations, and classic jazz bridges.

MUS 137 Composition Seminar (4) Seminar, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. Assists in the successful composition of pieces in a variety of genres and media. Includes compositional models and the creation of musical scores. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units.

MUS 138 Form and Analysis in Western Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; assigned special projects, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A, MUS 030B, MUS 030C; or consent of instructor. Different approaches to analysis using works in contrasting styles. Study of the dynamic design produced by the musical elements functioning in context.

MUS 139 Sequencer Composition (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 030A or MUS 030B or MUS 030C (may be taken concurrently). Students learn music sequencing techniques in the context of the creation of an original piece of music. Topics covered include basic computer skills, benchmarking a digital orchestra, composing using a click track, and techniques of musical composition specific to the editorial potential inherent in music sequencing.

MUS 140 American Musical Subcultures: A Genealogy of Rock (4) Lecture, 3 hours; extra reading, 0-2 hours; listening, 2-3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A historical and cultural overview of the genre of American popular music known as “rock.” Covers themes ranging from musical form and structure, aesthetics, and audio technology to community and individualism, gender and racial identity, political resistance, and the music industry. Cross-listed with HISA 139.

MUS 145A Digital Audio and Sound (4) Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper- division standing or consent of instructor. College math is recommended. An introduction to the theory and practice of manipulating digital sound. Provides an understanding of digital audio devices associated with media production and of audio processing in general. Topics include basic psychoacoustics, digital audio theory, and digital audio editing.

MUS 145B Digital Audio and Sound (4) Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 145A or theory proficiency and practical experience in digital audio. Advanced theory and practice of manipulating digital sound. Includes sound processing, synthesis, and composition, as well as multimedia and audiovisual composition and interactive media production. Provides an understanding of dedicated software for sound, music, and multimedia, including the programming environment Max/MSP. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 8 units.

MUS 146 Genealogy of Electronica (4) Lecture, 3 hours; term paper, 1 hour; online discussion and listening, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Examines the history of electronica and electronic music. Focuses on particular issues, including youth culture, dance and ecstatic trance, subcultures and club cultures, hallucinogenic drugs and psychedelic aesthetics, globalization, audio piracy, media and audio technologies, music and politics, and gender and sexuality.

MUS 147 Advanced Contemporary Analysis: Music after 1945 (4) Lecture, 3 hours; activity, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 138 or consent of instructor. A study of the diverse range of styles and movements of Western art music from 1945 through the present. Examines critical repertoire through a historical context including issues of pitch derivation, formal architecture, and compositional aesthetics. Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) grading is not available.

MUS 150A Instrumental Technique: Strings (2) Lecture, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study of basic techniques of orchestral string instruments.

MUS 150B Instrumental Technique: Woodwinds (2) Lecture, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study of basic techniques of orchestral woodwind instruments.

MUS 150C Instrumental Technique: Brass (2) Lecture, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study of basic techniques of orchestral brass instruments.

MUS 150D Instrumental Technique: Percussion (2) Lecture, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study of basic techniques of orchestral percussion instruments.

MUS 150E Instrumental Technique: Voice Studio (2) Studio, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 080E and MUS 180E. An introduction to performance that provides singers an opportunity to present and perform the material on which they are currently working. Also reviews the International Phonetic Alphabet and how it may be applied to improve a singer’s pronunciation and understandability by an audience. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 4 units.

MUS 151 Orchestral Conducting (4) Lecture, 3 hours; studio, 2-3 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Fundamentals of baton technique, score study, transposition, and stylistic analysis as they relate to problems of conducting.

MUS 152 Choral Conducting (4) Lecture, 3 hours; studio, 2-3 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study of choral repertoire, rehearsal methods, voice production, and techniques of conducting.

MUS 153 Homosexuality and Music (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): upper- division standing or consent of instructor. Uses a topical rather than a chronological approach to investigate homosexuality on the part of composers, performers, critics, theorists, and historians and how this has shaped the history of music in the West. Cross-listed with LGBS 153.

MUS 154 (E-Z) Critical Approaches to the Western Canon (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 112A, MUS 112B, MUS 112C; or upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Critical study of selected repertoires within Western music, and the multiple and potentially problematic aspects of their construction as iconic and paradigmatic. E. Beethoven: The Music and the Myth.

MUS 155 (E-Z) Seminar in Dance and Music (4) Seminar, 3 hours; term paper, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Introduces relationships and representations between music and dance. Explores musical and choreographic form, compositional strategies, hybridization of style, cultural meanings and registers in which these were made, the agencies such representations enabled, interpretive communities, and cross-cultural interactions. Cross- listed with DNCE 155 (E-Z).

MUS 180 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Voice, Keyboard, and Strings (1) Studio, 1 hour; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of a one hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Voice; F. Classical Piano; G. Jazz Piano; I. Harpsichord; J. Carillon; K. Jazz Guitar; L. Electronic Bass Guitar; M. Lute; N. Classical Guitar; O. Viola da gamba; P. Piano Proficiency; Q. Organ; R. Violin; S. Viola; T. Violoncello; U. Double Bass Viol; V. Harp. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 181 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion, and Other Instruments (1) Studio, 1 hour; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of a one hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Trumpet; F. Trombone; G. Tuba; I. French Horn; J. Flute; K. Oboe; L. Clarinet; M. Bassoon; N. Saxophone; O. Recorder; P. Percussion; Q. Rondalla instruments; R. Bagpipe; S. Scottish Drums; T. Tabla. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 187 Improvisation Studies (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper- division standing or consent of instructor. Presents the emergent field of improvisation studies, moving beyond traditional genre boundaries to explore improvisation as a cultural phenomenon and social practice. Draws from jazz studies, ethnomusicology, music theory, musicology, American studies, and the histories of dance, theatre, and the visual arts. Cross- listed with DNCE 187.

MUS 190 Special Studies (1-5) To be taken with the consent of the chair of the department as a means of meeting special curricular problems. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units.

MUS 191 (E-Z) Seminar in Music (4) Seminar, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 112A, MUS 112B, MUS 112C; or consent of instructor. Topics dealing with aspects of individual composers and genre studies. F. Music of Beethoven; H. Construction of Early Instruments; I. Performance Practice; J. Music of Haydn; K. Interpretation of Symphonic Literature; M. Russian Romantic Music; N. Early American Music; O. Music of Mozart; R. Survey of Sonatas from the Seventeenth through the Twentieth Centuries; S. The Evolution and Practice of Jazz; U. Music Criticism; V. Studies in Twentieth- Century Music.

MUS 194 Independent Reading (1-2) Prerequisite(s): junior standing. Independent reading in materials not covered in course work. Normally begun in the junior year. May be repeated for credit. Total credit for course 194 may not exceed 4 units.

MUS 195 Senior Thesis (1-4) Required for students who are candidates for honors in music. Open to other music majors by invitation. Total credit may not exceed 6 units.

MUS 198-I Individual Internship (1-12) variable hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing; evidence of prior arrangements with the professional(s) involved; approval by the department chair after consulting the music faculty. Work with an appropriate professional individual or organization to gain experience and skill in the student’s chosen specialty. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). May be repeated to a total of 16 units.

MUS 199H Senior Honors Research (1-5) 

MUS 160 Orchestra (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of standard orchestral literature. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. May be repeated for credit.

MUS 161 Collegium Musicum (1-2) Activity, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque music. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. May be repeated for credit.

MUS 162 Choral Society (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of standard choral literature. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. May be repeated for credit.

MUS 163 Chamber Singers (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of works selected from different genres and periods. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable.

MUS 164 Jazz Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of literature for large jazz ensemble and stage band, and preparation of improvised solos. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable.

MUS 165 Concert Band (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of literature for the concert band. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable.

MUS 166 (E-Z) Chamber Music (1-2) Studio, 3-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): admission by audition. Study and performance in varied small ensembles. E. Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) Ensemble; F. Improvisatory Ensemble; G. Chamber Music. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 167 Recital (1-2) rehearsals, 6-12 hours. Prerequisite(s): approval of music faculty; limited to advanced performers only. Preparation and presentation of a formal recital. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC).

MUS 168 Javanese Gamelan Ensemble: Beginning (2) Studio, 6 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Study and performance of the Central Javanese gamelan, consisting mainly of gongs and gong-chime instruments. Readings and discussions focus on Javanese culture. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable. Cross-listed with AST 168.

MUS 169 Taiko Ensemble (1) Studio, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study and performance of Japanese drumming. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable. Cross-listed with AST 169.

MUS 170 Rondalla Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 2-4 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study and performance of the Filipino rondalla, an ensemble consisting of various sizes of lute-like and guitar-like instruments. Discussions focus on Filipino culture. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable. Cross-listed with AST 170.

MUS 171 Gospel Choir (1-2) Studio, 2-4 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Offers students practical performance experience in an ensemble as well as a background in different genres of gospel music ranging from the early 1900s to the present day. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable.

MUS 172 Chamber Orchestra (1) Studio, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Participation in a performance ensemble comprised mainly of strings, with occasional winds and horns as needed. Includes string techniques instruction. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 4 units.

MUS 173 Music Recording (1-2) Workshop, 2 hours; studio, 2-4 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Introduces students to the practical aspects of classical music recording in a digital audio workstation, including miking, session organization, and subsequent editing and mastering. Students may sign up as either a performer or an engineer, with the instructor’s permission. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of the nature of the project. Course is repeatable.

MUS 174 Latin American Music Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 2-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. Study and performance of select Latin American folk music traditions, with special emphasis on music of the Andean region. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work. Course is repeatable.

MUS 175A Beginning Mariachi Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 3 hours; individual studio, 1-2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. A study and performance of selections from the Mexican folk music tradition. Emphasizes mariachi and son jarocho. Includes popular corridos and rancheras. Students who participate in a performance and submit a written review receive a letter grade; other students receive a Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) grade. Course is repeatable.

MUS 175B Intermediate Mariachi Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 3 hours; individual studio, 1-2. Prerequisite(s): MUS 175A or consent of instructor. A study and performance of selections from the Mexican folk music tradition. Emphasizes mariachi and son jarocho. Includes popular corridos and rancheras. Students who participate in a performance receive a letter grade; other students receive a Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) grade. Course is repeatable.

MUS 176 Bagpipe Ensemble (1) Studio, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Study and performance of Scottish bagpipe music. Students who participate in a performance receive a letter grade; other students receive a Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) grade. Course is repeatable.

MUS 177 South Asian Music Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 2-4 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Explores the tradition of the Hindustani/North Indian tabla, which are a pair of drums that accompany improvised solos on melody instruments such as the sitar. Considers the tabla as a virtuosic solo instrument. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable.

MUS 178 Bluegrass Ensemble (1) Studio, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division standing or consent of instructor. The study and performance of bluegrass music (instrumental and vocal) from the Appalachian region. Explores both traditional and contemporary styles. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable.

MUS 179 Music Improvisation Ensemble (1-2) Studio, 3-6 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper division standing and consent of instructor. Participation in an improvisational ensemble comprised of electronic (preferably laptop computer based) and/or electro- accoustical musical instruments. Rehearsals will cover a range of improvisational techniques from highly structured to free form and from tonality to noise experimentation. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of assigned extra work or examination. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 24 units.

MUS 180 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Voice, Keyboard, and Strings (2) Studio, 1 hour; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of an one-hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Voice; F. Classical Piano; G. Jazz Piano; I. Harpsichord; J. Carillon; K. Jazz Guitar; L. Electric Bass Guitar; M. Lute; N. Classical Guitar; O. Viola da gamba; P. Piano Proficiency; Q. Organ; R. Violin; S. Viola; T. Violoncello; U. Double Bass Viol; V. Harp. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 181 (E-Z) Private Instruction: Brass, Woodwinds, Percussion, and Other Instruments (2) Studio, 1 hour; individual study, 5-10 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Consists of an one-hour lesson and practice for 5 to 10 hours each week (see the note regarding fees under the Major Requirements section). Offered as demand indicates. E. Trumpet; F. Trombone; G. Tuba; I. French Horn; J. Flute; K. Oboe; L. Clarinet; M. Bassoon; N. Saxophone; O. Recorder; P. Percussion; Q. Rondalla instruments; R. Bagpipe; S. Scottish Drums; T. Tabla. Normally graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC), but students may petition the instructor for a letter grade on the basis of performance before a jury or at a recital. Segments are repeatable.

MUS 200 Music Bibliography (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Fundamentals of music bibliography. Emphasizes reference materials and other standard bibliographical tools. Covers research tools and professional writing.

MUS 201 Proseminar in the Analysis of Western Music (4) Seminar, 3 hours; individual guided research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. Analysis of selected musical works from various periods exploring different music-theory models.

MUS 206 Proseminar in Musicology (4) Lecture, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 200. Study of significant issues and recent developments in musicology and criticism. Study and practice of expository writing about music. Covers research methods and professional ethics.

MUS 207A Proseminar in Ethnomusicology: History and Foundations (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. Explores the early history of ethnomusicology as a discipline. Includes its foundation in comparative musicology and its connections with folklore.

MUS 207B Proseminar in Ethnomusicology: Current Theoretical Directions (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. Explores ethnomusicology as a discipline. Focuses on the relationships between ethnomusicology and musicology and on ethnomusicology as an interdisciplinary field. Draws from performance studies, ethnopoetics, postmodernism, translational theories, and postcolonialism. Covers research methods and professional ethics.

MUS 232 Soundtrack Composition (3) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 145A or MUS 145B or consent of instructor; graduate standing or both upper-division standing and keyboard proficiency. Concerns musical composition for visual art and entertainment. Covers classic underscoring for dramatic effect, experimentation with music use in film and live-scripted situations, and composition of a musical piece. May be taken Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) by students advanced to candidacy for the Ph.D.

MUS 249 Audiovisual and Multimedia Composition (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. Explores new fields of artistic creativity emerging from the convergence of sound and image. Focuses on audiovisual and multimedia composition, as well as on the collaboration process embracing research, composition, and performance. Encourages exploration of the links among sound, image space, environment, and digital media. May be taken Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) by students advanced to candidacy for the Ph.D.

MUS 251 Music in Computer Gaming (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Introduces students to the history and theory of music use in computer games, including the development of classical commercial gaming and game design and the related use of dramatic music. Topics cover adventure game history, narrative underscoring, commercial computer game genres, and contemporary issues related to interactivity, performance, and reception.

MUS 252 Notation for Composers (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper- division standing or consent of instructor. Combines
a critical study of notation history and survey of contemporary techniques for the conceptualization and display of visual information with computer- oriented musical applications. Includes common practice computer music notation, graphics software, and the translation of data between music software. Students advanced to candidacy for the Ph.D. receive a Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) grade.

MUS 255 Field Methods in Ethnomusicology (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 1 hour; field, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. A theoretical and practical introduction to fieldwork in music and performance. Each student focuses on a different performance group and documents its activities. Covers interviewing, audiotaping, videotaping, transcribing music and dance, and describing performance events.

MUS 256 Electroacoustic and Computer Music Composition (4) Seminar, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor; MATH 004 or equivalent is recommended. Covers electroacoustic and computer music composition techniques in the context of development of original pieces. Topics include electronic and computer music history and theory, as well as digital audio and sound processing theory (including synthesis techniques and real-time sound processing and instrument design).

MUS 257 Music and Audio Production (4) Lecture, 3 hours; studio, 8 hours per quarter; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 145A; MUS 145B or consent of instructor. Addresses techniques of commercial music production, including recording, editing, sequencing, notation preparation, and sound reinforcement. Combines an examination of the history of commercial sound aesthetics with structured exercises in producing, including software benchmarking, project management, budgeting, audio devices, mastering, and design for sound reinforcement and miking. May be taken Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) by students advanced to candidacy for the Ph.D.

MUS 258 Composition Seminar (4) Seminar, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Individual projects and issues in musical composition. Course is repeatable.

MUS 259 Musical Semiotics: Approaches to Meaning and Form (4) Seminar, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Study of musical semiotics focusing on recent theories and related areas such as cybernetics, cognitive science, and theory of systems. Examines questions of meaning and form in the domains of aesthetics, musical theory, analysis, composition, performance, and new approaches of digital media and music.

MUS 261 Seminar in Performance Practice (4) Seminar, 3 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): MUS 200 and MUS 201, or consent of instructor. Investigations into the historically accurate performance styles of music based on information contemporary with the music. Topics and content will vary each quarter depending on student interest. May be repeated for up to 8 units.

MUS 262 Seminar in Western Music History (4) Seminar, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 206, graduate standing; or consent of instructor. Addresses selected issues in the history of music in the context of the social, political, religious, and intellectual culture of the West. Focuses on historical and analytical literature on particular historical periods. Course is repeatable as topics change.

MUS 263 Seminar in Special Topics in Musicology (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MUS 206, graduate standing; or consent of instructor. Focuses on current scholarship in musicology and related fields with a strong critical content. Addresses particular topics relative to their historical and stylistic periods. Topics include nationalism, gender and sexuality in music, identity in music, individual genres and composers, and exoticism. Course is repeatable.

MUS 264 Music in Fantasy and Science Fiction (4) Seminar, 3 hours; written work, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. A survey of the use of music in science fiction and fantasy. Covers Tales of Hoffman and Aniara to Star Trek and Solaris. Examines music’s textural, sonic, and political roles in terms of traditional functions, as well as those associated with the explication of the synthetic and fantastic.

MUS 265 Electroacoustic Music: History, Theory, and Aesthetics (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Focuses on historical, theoretical, and esthetic issues of electroacoustic music from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present. Topics include foundations of electroacoustic music, electronic music studios, analog and digital technology, sound art, and live electronics. Includes listening to and analysis of key works of electroacoustic music.

MUS 266 Seminar in Improvisational Studies (4) Seminar, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Focuses on specific musical concepts and processes as well as broader sociocultural issues related to improvisational performance. Designed for graduate and approved upper-level undergraduate students interested in the scholarly study of music improvisation and contemporaneous musicality.

MUS 270 Special Topics in Ethnomusicology (4) Seminar, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Focuses on current scholarship in ethnomusicology and related fields. Emphasis is usually on theory and methodology or the study of particular regions or performance traditions. Theme varies each quarter. Course is repeatable to a maximum of 8 units.

MUS 271 Area Studies Research in Music (4) Seminar, 3 hours; extra reading, 2 hours; listening, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Focuses on historical and ethnographic literature of particular geographical areas. Discusses scholarly literature on music (and expressive culture generally, including dance, theater, and ritual) of a particular geocultural region. Course is repeatable as topics change to a maximum of 8 units.

MUS 290 Directed Studies (1-6) Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable.

MUS 291 Individual Study in Coordinated Areas (1-6) Individual study, 6-25 hours. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing; consent of instructor and graduate advisor. A program of study designed to assist graduate candidates who are preparing for M.A. comprehensive or Ph.D. qualifying examinations. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable to a maximum of 12 units.

MUS 292 Concurrent Analytical Studies in Music (1-4) Prerequisite(s): graduate standing; approval of instructor and graduate advisor. Each 292 course will be taken concurrently with some 100-series course but on an individual basis. It will be devoted to research, criticism, and written work of a graduate order commensurate with the number of units elected. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). May be repeated for credit.

MUS 293 Composition Practicum (1) Lecture, 1 hour; practicum, 8 hours per quarter; individual study, 3 hours; studio, 16 hours per quarter. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. A series of performance activities and appreciation for composers. Includes production of a composition concert and attendance at designated presentations in music and scholarship. Addresses career and job market guidance. May be taken Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC) with consent of instructor and graduate advisor. Course is repeatable as content changes.

MUS 297 Directed Research (1-6) Prerequisite(s): graduate status and consent of instructor and graduate advisor. Individual graduate student research under the sponsorship of specific faculty members, on topics and selected problems in theoretical and historical research in music not directly related to student’s thesis. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC).

MUS 299 Research for Thesis or Dissertation (1-12) Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable.

MUS 301 Directed Studies in the Teaching of Music (3) Seminar, 2 hours; consultation, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing. A program of weekly meetings and individual formative evaluation required of new Music teaching assistants. Covers instructional methods and classroom/section activities. Conducted by department faculty. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC).

MUS 302 Teaching Practicum (1-4) Clinic, 1 hour; practicum, 1 hour; lecture, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): appointment as a teaching assistant in Music; graduate standing. Supervised teaching in undergraduate Music courses. Required of all Music teaching assistants. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable to a maximum of 4 units.

MUS 400 Research and Professional Development Workshop (1) Workshop, 1 hour. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing or consent of instructor. Addresses recent trends and methods of research. Covers strategies for job placement and public speaking. Organized in conjunction with the Music Graduate Students Association. Topics presented by faculty and guest lecturers. Graded Satisfactory (S) or No Credit (NC). Course is repeatable to a maximum of 18 units.